Patients feel obliged to endure knee pains, which significantly reduce living standards, due to the fear of medical operation. Surgeon Aydın GÜRBÜZ, Orthopedics and Traumatology Specialists at the Private Çorlu Vatan Hospital, provided details about the conditions of conducting knee surgeries.
Knee joint is one of the largest and complex joints in body. Knee is a hinge-like between thighbone and tibia. Large bonds that are fixed to thighbone and tibia ensure balance. Long thigh muscles provide strength to knee.
What is Knee Arthroplasty Surgery?
It refers to the replacement of worn knee joint that causes pain. The lowest point of thighbone and the upper point of tibia are removed and a new knee joint is created by using metal components. This means that the worn joint is replaced like the dental veneer in a decayed tooth.
Thanks to this surgery, patients get rid of the pains that they have had for months and even for years, in a very short period of time. The surgery may also increase the movement capability of knee. This ensures that patients can walk more comfortably without having any pains.
There are two types of knee arthroplasty surgeries:
- Partial Knee Arthroplasty Surgery
Partial knee arthroplasty surgery involves the covering of the worn and torn parts of knee. This surgery is generally carried out if only a part of knee is worn.
Total Knee Arthroplasty Surgery
Total knee prosthesis involves the replacement of the injured or damaged parts of knee with artificial parts. The new knee of the patient will consist of a metal part at the end of the thighbone and a metal and plastic spacer at the upper end of tibia and if necessary, a plastic button on the kneecap.
If you have any questions, please consult your doctor or orthopedic surgeon.
Surgery and recovery period
The surgery generally takes 1 to 2 hours and the patient generally stays in the hospital for 3 to 10 days. The surgery is carried out by means of a 10 to 12 cm-long incision on the front side of the knee. Sutures might fall off on their own or the sutures which could not be absorbed are removed in 2 to 3 weeks. The patients can sit immediately after the surgery. They can stand up the next day of the surgery. In the second day, they can walk and climb stairs up and down by using crutches.
They can start walking by using a single crutch in 1 week on average, and at the end of the second week, they can walk without any problems and pains.
They should only keep away from the activities that require extreme force. For example, they should not jump off, should not run fast and should not use the squatting toilet. They can carry out all activities that they do in normal life except for those that require use of extreme force.
As a result of this surgery, patients get back the painless knee-joint that they had years ago and can easily walk and sleep at night without any pains. They will also get rid of the painkillers and their countless side-affects (stomach, kidney etc.) that they had to take compulsorily.