Health Guide-EN

Pay Attention To Back And Neck Pains!

More than 80 percent of the society complains about backaches in any period of their lifetime. Although the frequency of applying to medical institutions due to back and neck pains varies by societies, it is ranked as one of the top three complaints in each society.

The bones (vertebras) that constitute the backbone are aligned on top of each other and are fixed to each other in a way that will create a duct to protect the spinal cord. In addition to vertebras, there are spinal cord, nerves and cartilage tissue which is also called disk that gives flexibility to the backbone. The external perimeter of each of those round disks between the vertebras consists of flexible and hard tissue. The core of this cartilage tissue that we also call disk has a gel-like structure. Due to wear or injury, this gel-like structure existing in the core of the cartilage tissue begins to internally push the external perimeter of disk, resulting in herniation. Such pressure on the external perimeter might cause backache. However, if the disk is worn too much or damaged severely, the gel-like structure overflows the external diameter, resulting in back and neck herniation.



  • Backache
  • Leg or foot pain
  • Numbness and prickling in leg and/or foot
  • Weakness in leg and/or foot
  • Loss of reflex in one or both legs
  • Deterioration of pain when smiling, coughing and sneezing
  • Difficulty in walking and sitting
  • (Rare) difficulty in retaining urine or stool, if the herniated disk has progressed
  • Lack of balance, failure to walk and getting tired too early, if the herniated disk has progressed


  • Neck pain
  • Pain around arm or in hands
  • Numbness and prickling in arms or hands
  • Weakness in arms or hands
  • Loss of reflex
  • Deterioration of pain when smiling, coughing and sneezing
  • Difficulty in walking and sitting
  • Lack of balance and walking disorders, if the disc hernia has progressed and exists for a long time



When most of the patients are suspicious of back or neck herniated disks, they do not go to doctors because they are afraid of doctors recommending them surgery. First of all, I should indicate that surgery is required for only 7% of those patients having back and beck herniated disks. This means that 93% of the patients can continue to live without any surgeries. The method to be followed for the treatment of back and neck herniated disks is determined according to the complaints of the patient, examination findings and imaging methods. However, in the treatment of classic back and neck herniated disks, we firstly start with Conservative treatments except for the circumstances that require emergency surgery. Taking drug starts in the resting period and continues with Physical Treatment and Exercises. Most of the back and neck herniated disks are cured with non-surgical treatments called conservative treatments.

We implement open surgery for those patients that could not be treated with medicines and physical treatment. The most widely known and applied method is Microdiscectomy, i.e. back and neck herniated disks surgeries made by means of a small incision as accompanied by microscope. It enables us to conduct safer and faster surgery than before.
In our hospital, we apply Microdiscectomy, laser, Radiofrequency, Hydrodiscectomy, Epiduroscopy, endoscopic intradiscal intervention treatments. In addition, we successfully implement the surgeries that require more comprehensive interventions such as spinal tumors, spinal fractures, disk displacement and stricture etc.