Digital images obtained from the fully digital systems are archived in digital media. As compared to the images obtained by conventional methods, they can provide more detailed and sufficient images in terms of diagnosis, and these images are reviewed by experienced and specialized doctors on special workstations. In our hospital, MRI, CT, Mammography, Bone Densitometer and X-ray scans are carried out.
MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
Today, MR is particularly used to view soft tissues. It is widely used for the diagnosis of central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) diseases as well as sportsmen injuries, identification of musculoskeletal system disorders including meniscus, spinal disc herniation etc. and assessment of all kinds of neurological diseases.
MR imaging does not have any proven harm and damage on living organisms, including pregnant women; however, it is not recommended to conduct MR imaging in the first three months of organ development. It is considered inappropriate to conduct MR imaging for those that have metal interaction, carry magnate or metal prosthesis in body, use cardiac pace maker, have foreign substances in their eyes and previously had firearm injuries (most of them are incompatible metals) (it could result in vital dangers).
The duration of magnetic resonance imaging depends upon the area examined, number of areas and pre-diagnosis made and could take 15 to 75 minutes.
The part of the x-ray beams that have penetrated into body and conducted by 360 degrees turn around the patient is detected by the detectors placed along the ‘gantry’, and the data obtained by this method is processed by a computer. As a result, successive cross-sectional images of the tissues are created. The images obtained can be viewed on the computer screen.
The technician takes the patient to the room where the examination will be conducted and ensures that the patient lies on the table on their back or face down. It is important that the patient feels comfortable because the patient should not move during the examination. CT examinations vary by the medical problems of the patients and the body parts to be examined. All radiology department personnel is well-trained and has the necessary certificates to provide the best service to patients.
The result obtained in the mammography method that is used to identify small abnormalities in breast that cannot be even identified in the medical examination is very significant in terms of the diagnosis of breast cancer. Mammography could be applied to women at all ages in case of medical necessity, but it is prescribed to conduct mammography at least once in the age range of 35 to 40 in terms of the patients that do not have any complaints.
While conducting the scanning, breast is slightly squeezed between the two layers of the device for a few seconds. Therefore, it is recommended for women with sensitive breasts to go through the scanning at a time when their breasts are less sensitive.
In the bone section examined by using X rays, the weight of calcium and other bone minerals is measured. Frequently, the test is applied to backbone and hip bones. The entire body scanning is sometimes conducted for children and adults. X rays is the oldest and the most frequently used method for the purposes of medical imaging, and the ionizing radiation exposed during the measurement of the density of bone mineral is very little.